Phrasal Verbs Round II

Phrasal Verbs Round I
Phrasal Verbs Round II

16. GIVE UP = stop having or doing

  • She has finally given up smoking.
  • I had to give up coffee when I was ill.
  • He gave up chocolate for a month.

17. MAKE UP = be the parts that form something (often used in the passive with ‘of’)

  • Women make up 46% of the employees here.
  • This class is made up entirely of boys.
  • People who can speak English make up a quarter of the world’s population.

18. END UP = finally do or be something, especially when you don’t expect it

  • We ended up going back home because it was raining so hard.
  • They ended up passing the last exam, even though they failed all the other exams.
  • Be careful! You’ll end up without a job if you are rude to your boss.

19. GET BACK = arrive somewhere again, especially your home (+ to + place)

  • She got back to Paris last night.
  • What time did you get back yesterday?
  • We got back very late because the train was delayed.

20. LOOK UP = raise your eyes

  • She looked up from her computer and asked a question.
  • I called his name, but he didn’t look up.
  • John looked up from his book when Julie came in.

21. FIGURE OUT = think about until you understand / plan (more common in USA)

  • Let’s figure out how we can get to London very early in the morning.
  • She couldn’t figure out why he had left.
  • He finally figured out that the cat must have broken the plate.

22. SIT DOWN = change from standing to sitting

  • Do please sit down.
  • She sat down and took out her book.
  • The children sat down in rows and crossed their legs.

23. GET UP = change from lying or sitting to standing (more casual than ‘stand up’)

  • She got up when we arrived (= she was sitting and she stood up).
  • I don’t want to get up. It’s so comfortable sitting here.
  • What are you doing on the floor? Get up!

24. TAKE OUT = remove from a container (+ of before a noun)

  • She took the letter out of the envelope.
  • I’ll take the sweets out of the box and put them under the Christmas tree now.
  • He took his clothes out of the suitcase and put them away in the wardrobe.

25. COME ON = we say this to encourage someone to go faster or try harder

  • Come on! You’re going to be left behind.
  • Come on, don’t worry. It’s all going to be fine.
  • She kept telling me to come on, but I was already going as fast as I could.

26. GO DOWN = move to a lower place (+ to + place)

  • She started to go down the stairs.
  • We went down to the café and bought some coffee.
  • Let’s go down to the cellar and see if we can find those books.

27. SHOW UP = arrive at or come to an event / meeting (especially if there’s something surprising)

  • We all went to the party, but Lucy didn’t show up.
  • He showed up at the meeting two hours late. Julie was very angry.
  • I wonder if John’s going to show up today. He didn’t come last time.

28. TAKE OFF = remove clothes or jewellery

  • I took off my coat because it was very hot.
  • She always takes off all her rings before she goes to bed.
  • Is it okay to take off my shoes?

29. WORK OUT = think about until you understand / plan (more common in UK)

  • We need to work out how to get to the wedding.
  • She couldn’t work out how the bird had got into the living room.
  • I don’t know why the car won’t start but I’ll work it out.

30. STAND UP = change from lying or sitting to standing (less casual than ‘get up’)

  • Please stand up when the queen comes in.
  • She finished her coffee, stood up, and left the restaurant.
  • He stood up to let an old man have his seat.

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