The Third Conditional

The Third Conditional
The Third Conditional

We make the third conditional by using the past perfect after ‘if’ and then ‘would have’ and the past participle in the second part of the sentence:

  • if + past perfect, …would + have + past participle

It talks about the past. It’s used to describe a situation that didn’t happen, and to imagine the result of this situation.

  • If she had studied, she would have passed the exam (but, really we know she didn’t study and so she didn’t pass)
  • If I hadn’t eaten so much, I wouldn’t have felt sick (but I did eat a lot, and so I did feel sick).
  • If we had taken a taxi, we wouldn’t have missed the plane
  • She wouldn’t have been tired if she had gone to bed earlier
  • She would have become a teacher if she had gone to university
  • He would have been on time for the interview if he had left the house at nine

Put in the correct third conditional verb form:

1. If you ______________ (not / be) late, we ______________ (not / miss) the bus

2. If she ______________ (study), she ______________ (pass) the exam.

3. If we ______________ (arrive) earlier, we ______________ (see) John.

4. If they ______________ (go) to bed early, they ______________ (not / wake) up late.

5. If he ______________ (become) a musician, he ______________ (record) a CD.

6. If she ______________ (go) to art school, she ______________ (become) a painter.

7. If I ______________ (be) born in a different country, I ______________ (learn) to speak a different language.

8. If she ______________ (go) to university, she ______________ (study) French.

9. If we ______________ (not / go) to the party, we ______________ (not / meet) them.

10. If he ______________ (take) the job, he ______________ (not / go) travelling.

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Matricula Abierta
Matricula Abierta

Comments (1)

[…] Wish + (that) + past perfect:We can use ‘wish’ with the past perfect to talk about regrets from the past. These are things that have already happened but we wish they’d happened in a different way. This use of ‘wish’ is very similar to the third conditional. […]

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